he goodwill generated on consolidation represents the excess of the cost of acquisition over the Group’s share in the market value of the identifiable assets and liabilities of a subsidiary.
Any positive differences between the cost of interests in the capital of consolidated and associated entities and the corresponding theoretical carrying amounts acquired, adjusted on the date of the first consolidation, are recognised as follows:
- If they are assignable to specific equity elements of the companies acquired, by increasing the value of any assets the market value of which is above their carrying amount appearing in the balance statements.
- If they are assignable to specific intangible assets, by explicitly recognising them in the consolidated balance sheet, provided their market value on the date of acquisition can be reliably determined.
- Any remaining differences are recognised as goodwill, which is assigned to one or more specific cash-generating units (in general hotels) which are expected to make a profit.
Goodwill is recognised only when it has been acquired for valuable consideration and represents, therefore, advance payments made by the acquirer of the future economic benefits derived from the assets of the acquired entity that are not individually and separately identifiable and recognisable.
Any goodwill generated through acquisitions prior to the IFRS transition date, 1 January 2004, is kept at its net value recognised at 31 December 2003 in accordance with Spanish accounting standards.
At the time of the disposal of a subsidiary or jointly controlled entity, the amount attributable to the goodwill is included when determining the profits or losses arising from the disposal.
Goodwill arising on the acquisition of companies with a functional currency other than the euro is valued in the functional currency of the acquired company, with the conversion to euros being made at the exchange rate prevailing at the balance sheet date.
Goodwill is not amortised. In this regard, at the end of every year, or whenever there are indications of a loss of value, the Group estimates, using the so-called “Impairment Test”, the possible existence of permanent losses of value that would reduce the recoverable amount of goodwill to less than the net cost recognised. Should this be the case, it is written down in the consolidated comprehensive profit and loss statement. Any write-downs recognised cannot subsequently be reversed.
All goodwill is assigned to one or more cash-generating units in order to conduct the impairment test. The recoverable amount of each cash-generating unit is determined as the higher of the value in use and the fair value less sale costs.
The value in use is considered as the current value of expected future cash flows discounted at an after-tax rate that reflects the current market valuation with respect to the cost of money and the specific risks associated with the asset.